File:AFHQ SSI.jpg|thumb|Allied Force Headquarters patch.
'''Allied Force Headquarters''' (AFHQ) was the headquarters
that controlled all Allies of World War II|Allied
operational forces in the Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II|Mediterranean Theatre
of World War II
from late 1942 until the Victory in Europe Day|end of the war in Europe
in May 1945.
It was established in the United Kingdom
in August 1942 under General (United States)|General Dwight D. Eisenhower
in order to command the forces committed to Operation Torch
, the Allied invasion of French North Africa
. Eisenhower had the title Commander-in-Chief, Allied Expeditionary Force. Shortly after the establishment of the headquarters, "Expeditionary" was deleted from its title, for reasons of operational security. Eisenhower thus became Commander-in-Chief, Allied Force.
By the end of 1942, there was a need to unify command of the...